Nutritional News/FAQs

Below are some common questions about our Minerals. Click on each of the questions to
reveal the answer.

What are minerals?

Minerals make up 60-80% of all the inorganic (noncarbon-containing) material in the body and fall into two categories: macrominerals and microminerals.  There are seven macrominerals - also known as major or bulk minerals: calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium and sulfur.  They are present in virtually every cell in the body.  In fact, the human body needs at least 100 milligrams (mg) of each every day – just for normal functioning and well-being.  Microminerals, commonly called trace minerals, are required in smaller quantities – typically less than 100 mg per day.

Still, some are considered “essential” for good nutrition.  Essential microminerals include chromium, copper, fluoride, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium and zinc.  Dietary minerals serve a life-sustaining function by helping the body operate properly and remain strong. Minerals not only build skeletal and soft tissues, they also regulate processes – such as heartbeat, normal blood clotting, internal fluid pressure, nerve reactions, impulse transmissions, muscle contractions, oxygen transport, acid-base balance to keep the body pH neutral, and enzyme and hormone systems.

What is an Amino Acid Chelate?

Amino acid chelates (pronounced KEY-lates) are minerals that are bound to amino acids to effectively, propel the mineral into the blood stream—similarly to food. In fact, the Nobel Prize for Medicine was awarded to Günter Blobel in 1999 for his dissertation that minerals require protein chaperones for optimal bioavailability and assimilation—amino acids are the building blocks of protein and proteins are building blocks of life.

Few nutritional substances cross the intestinal wall as quickly and easily as amino acids; thanks to their unique active transport mechanism of absorption. By linking the two, the amino acid is able to transport the mineral across the intestinal lining into the body, so it can be put to use. However, to be transported intact, the mineral must have a stable bond to the amino acid. Simply mixing minerals with amino acids – a basic ionic and hydrogen bond – will not produce a stable product.  Amino acid “chelates” created in this manner often loses their integrity during digestion and compromises the nutrient’s availability.

Albion® Laboratories has developed a process that produces a stable, nutritionally functional mineral chelate, which provides reliable and effective mineral nutrition. Albion’s patented technology replicates the body’s natural chelation process, essentially turning inorganic minerals into small, highly bioavailable organic molecules (non-ionized). This process ensures that the mineral will remain stable throughout digestion and ultimately result in maximum absorption.

What is the difference between calcium carbonate and calcium citrate?

Calcium, a macromineral, is the most abundant mineral in the body. Found primarily in teeth and bones, calcium supports their maintenance and growth. Getting the proper amount of calcium every day – along with weight bearing exercise – is essential for preventing bone loss in later life. Calcium carbonate is an inorganic (no carbon) form of calcium that 40% elemental and requires food for digestion and absorption. Calcium citrate on the other hand is, is an organic (carbon-containing) form calcium that is 21% elemental and does not requires food for assimilation. Calcium carbonate is an economic form of calcium and is well absorb by younger individuals. However, calcium citrate is believed to be a more easily absorbed and digested form of calcium – particularly by postmenopausal women and people over 65.

How Should I take the Liquid Calcium Magnesium Citrate plus Vitamin D3?

Bluebonnet’s Liquid Calcium Magnesium Citrate offers a winning blueprint for optimally maintaining bone heath by providing 1200 mg of calcium and 600 mg of magnesium in a 2:1 ratio, plus 800 IU of vitamin D3 from lanolin in one delicious, naturally flavored liquid formula.  Available in six tasty natural flavors blueberry, strawberry, lemon, orange, raspberry and mixed berry.

Bluebonnet’s nutritional scientists recommend taking the 1 TBSP of Liquid Calcium Magnesium Citrate in the morning and 1TBSP at night for effective absorption and assimilation. This is due to the fact that, the body can only absorb anywhere from 400 to 600 mg of calcium at one time. You may take this product with or without food, since it is already pre-acidified with a pH ranging from 2.1 to 2.3—which is similar to the gut. In addition, calcium helps you sleep better at night, just another reason to take your calcium before bedtime.

Does Bluebonnet’s Calcium Contain Lead?

Calcium naturally contains a small amount of lead, however, under California's Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 (Proposition 65) all products manufactured in California require warnings to consumers if a product exposes consumers to lead in excess of 0.5 micrograms (mcg) per day from any one source. Bluebonnet’s calcium is tested at every step of the manufacturing process and thus, follows these stringent regulations, even though we are located in the heart of Sugar Land, TX. Additionally the calcium source utilized in the product is calcium citrate, which is calcium carbonate (from limestone) reacted with the citric acid, an organic acid that is derived from corn. Calcium products that contain unrefined ground oyster shells, bone meal, or dolomite, which historically have contained higher lead levels should be avoided and are not utilized in any of Bluebonnet’s supplements.

Ferrous Sulfate vs. Ferrous Bisglycinate: Elemental Values

Ferrous Sulfate provides about 36% elemental iron, equating to 117 mg of elemental iron in 325 mg of the compound. Ferrous Bisglycinate provides about 25% elemental iron, equating to 65 mg of elemental iron in 325 mg of the compound.  Clinical studies have shown that ¼ to 1/3 of iron from Ferrochel®--Bluebonnet’s patented form from Albion®, can achieve the same effects as Ferrous Sulfate.