Dietary minerals serve a life-sustaining function by helping your body operate properly and remain strong. Minerals build skeletal and soft tissues, and they also regulate processes – such as heartbeat, blood clotting, internal fluid pressure, nerve reactions, impulse transmissions, muscle contractions, oxygen transport, acid/base balance to keep the pH of the body neutral, as well as enzyme and hormone systems.
In addition, dietary minerals make up 60 to 80% of all the inorganic (non-carbon containing) material in the body, and they fall into two categories: macrominerals and microminerals. There are seven macrominerals (Table 8), also known as major or bulk minerals: calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium and sulfur. They are present in virtually every cell in the body and at least 100 mg of each are needed daily just for normal functioning and well-being. Microminerals (Table 9), commonly called trace minerals, are required in smaller quantities – typically less than 100 mg per day. Still, some are considered “essential” for good nutrition. Essential microminerals include chromium, copper, fluoride, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium and zinc. Unfortunately, dietary minerals have low bioavailability, which means in their natural state, they are not readily available for use in the body. This is because minerals are too big and bulky with high molecular weights, so they are unable to cross the intestinal membrane intact. To enable dietary minerals to pass through the intestinal wall where they can be absorbed into the blood stream, they are usually attached to a “carrier.” This is why minerals are found in various forms like magnesium aspartate and calcium citrate.
Mineral chelates (pronounced KEY-lates) are minerals bound to special “carriers” like amino acids and are particularly effective in propelling nutrients into the blood stream. Few nutritional substances cross the intestinal wall as quickly and easily as amino acids, thanks to their unique active transport mechanism of absorption. By linking the two, the amino acid is able to transport the mineral across the intestinal lining into the body, so it can be put to use. However, to be transported intact, the mineral must have a stable bond to the amino acid. Simply mixing minerals with amino acids – a basic ionic and hydrogen bond – will not produce a stable product. Mineral “chelates” created in this manner often lose their integrity during digestion and compromise the nutrient’s availability.
Albion® Laboratories has developed a process that produces a stable, nutritionally functional mineral chelate, which provides reliable and effective mineral nutrition. Albion’s patented technology replicates the body’s natural chelation process, essentially turning inorganic minerals into small, highly bioavailable organic molecules (non-ionized). This process ensures that the mineral will remain stable throughout digestion and ultimately result in maximum absorption.
Boron (micromineral) aids in the body’s ability to use calcium, magnesium and vitamin D.
It also assists in normal brain function and recognition. Dietary sources high in boron include green leafy vegetables, bananas, peaches and apples.
Calcium (macromineral) is the most abundant mineral in the body found primarily in the teeth and bones, supporting their maintenance and growth by making them dense and strong. A small amount of calcium is present in blood plasma (1%) and other body fluids, where it influences muscle contraction, nutrient passage through cells, nerve transmission and blood clotting. Dietary sources high in calcium include milk, cheese, fortified cereals and green leafy vegetables.